Nobel Prize for research which paves the way for new ways to fight diseases
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Two American scientists and an English scientist were awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine for their discoveries in the field of medicine and research on how cells adapt to varying levels of oxygen.
The research will pave the way for new approaches to finding a cure for diseases such as cancer. The Americans William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza shared the prize with Peter Ratcliffe, who is born in the UK.
Their research established the basis for greater knowledge as to how oxygen levels affect cellular metabolism and physiological movements.
The Prize for Medicine is the first in a series of Nobel prizes awarded each year to those who have distinguished themselves because of the contribution they have given various fields.
This week the Nobel prize for science, literature and peace will be announced. The Nobel Prize has been awarded since 1901 in honour of the philanthropist and engineer Alfred Nobel, who, among others things, developed the dynamite.