When the heart stops beating, CPR can save a person’s life. Through pressure to the chest, breathing and when indicated, shocks, CPR is essential for the heart to beat again, as happened to Danish football player Christian Eriksen during the Denmark-Finland match .
In comments to tvm.com.mt doctor and the former radiographer, Dr Georgiana Farrugia Bonnici explained that when a person collapses CPR must be started as soon as possible. She said, however, that CPR should not be initiated if the person is still breathing.
Dr Farrugia Bonnici explained that CPR should be done as follows:
- Tap the victim on the shoulder and ask her if she is ok. If no reply is forthcoming call for someone to call 112 and to possibly find a defibrillator – which is an electronic instrument used when a person suffers a heart attack. By means of the App AED Malta, you can check if there is a defibrillator in the area.
- Make sure the victim’sback is to the floor. Place her head backwards and pull up her chin, open her mouth and make sure nothing is interfering with her breathing.
- Place your ear to the victim’s mouth/strong> to see if s/he is breathing. If the victim is not breathing, perform CPR.
- Place your hands together and apply pressure about 5 to 6 cm down in the middle of the chest . Perform this movement between 100 and 120 times a minute. If you get tired you can get someone else to continue. Note that the hand movements applied on children are different.
- Cover the victim’s nose u breath twice inside her mouth. Due to restrictions brought about by pandemic you can perform CPR using hands only; mouth-to-face shields can also be used for the purpose for covering mouth while performing CPR.
- If you have a defibrillator switch it on, place pads on the victim’s chest and follow the visual and verbal instructions to induce electric shocks, as indicated.
Dr Bonnici went on to say that-CPR should be performed in cycles of 30 compressions until the person comes to or until the ambulance arrives. However, if the victim is breathing but is unconscious, CPR is not necessary. In such a case a person should be placed on the side in a recovery position as indicated and monitored.
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