Wild banana trees are on the list of plants who are at risk of extinction. It was revealed that in Madagascar only five trees still exist in the wild.
Scientists said that the plant has to be conserved and may be the secret of saving all the banana species from extinction in the future. Many of the banana we eat is of the Cavendish type, which is vulnerable to pesticide.
Now a race against time has started to develop new varieties of banana which are consumable and resilient to disease. The Madagascar banana had evolved by itself on an island and contains many special nutrients.
If the wild banana is protected there is the chance of picking its seeds, as scientists are studying its genetics. The Madagascar banana produces seeds in fruit which is not good to eat.
However, scientists say that if a mixture of banana varieties is made, a type of fruit may be created, which is good to eat and at the same time trees are not affected by disease.
Banana grows in the peripheries of forests where it is vulnerable to damage by severe weather, by fire and uprooting of trees for agriculture.
Currently, one may buy banana in food establishments, however there is the possibility of scarcity in the future. Disease affecting Cavendish banana is only limited to Asia, but if it spreads there will be a big problem that the fruit may destroyed.